Cover letter

The format of the compulsory cover letter forms part of your submission. It is located on the first page of your manuscript and should always be presented in English. You should provide the following elements:

1.    Article title: Provide a short title of 50 characters or less.

2.    Significance of work: Briefly state the significance of the manuscript reported on.

3.    Full author details: The title(s), full name(s), position(s), affiliation(s) and contact details (postal address, email, telephone and cell phone number) of each author.

4.    Corresponding author: Identify to whom all correspondence should be addressed.

5.    Authors’ contributions: Briefly summarise the nature of the contribution made by each of the authors listed.

6.    Summary: Lastly, a list containing the number of words, pages, tables, figures and/or other supplementary material should accompany the submission.

Anyone that has made a significant contribution to the research and the paper must be listed as an author in your cover letter. Contributions that fall short of meeting the criteria as stipulated in our policy should rather be mentioned in the ‘Acknowledgements’ section of the manuscript. Read our authorship guidelines and author contribution statement policies.

Legal documents

The following legal documents need to be submitted with the manuscript to the journal online; please download below:

1.    Author declaration and publication licence

2.    Author account form

Where a manuscript is not accepted for publication by the Editor-in-Chief, the sections of the publication agreement in respect of the publishing licensing shall be null and void and the authors will be free to submit the manuscript to any other publication for first publication.

Declare potential conflict of interest          

Any relevant competing interests of authors must be available to editors during the review process and must be declared by authors in the published work. Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution) has financial or personal relationships with other persons or organisations that inappropriately influence (bias) their opinions or actions. [Modified from: Davidoff F, et al. Sponsorship, Authorship, and Accountability. (Editorial), JAMA 2001;286(10).]

Authors must declare:

1.    all sources of research funding, including direct and indirect financial support, supply of equipment or materials, or other forms of conflict of interest, which may have prevented them from executing and publishing unbiased research;

2.    the role of the research funder(s) or sponsor (if any) in the research design, execution, analysis, interpretation and reporting; and

3.    any other relevant financial and non-financial interests and relationships that might be considered likely to affect the interpretation of their findings or which editors, reviewers or readers might reasonably wish to know. This includes any relationship to the book/journal (for example, if editors wish to publish their own research in their own work).